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BULL & BEAR - Replica 1860s "Sandbaggers" | Print |

BULL & BEAR

bullbeardoc-thmbLOA: 55' (28' LOD)
Class/Type: Sandbagger
Builder:
Independence Seaport Museum Workshop
Designer: Tom Brady
Launch Date: 1995 & 1996
Skipper:
Various Volunteer Skippers

Sandbagger sloops were popular work boats in the 19th century which were also sailed for pleasure. A decendant of shoal-draft sloops used in oyster fishing the shallow waters of New York Bay, they ranged anywhere from 20 to 30 feet in in length, but had sail areas that were significantly disproprortionate to their size. They were the extreme sailboats of their day, with a sailplan that was twice as long as their hull length. Because they were so shallow, all sandbaggers have very large centerboards which can be raised and lowered.

bullbearmusic-thmbWhile working, crews of 10 or more men would use their catch as ballast, moving it from one side to the other when tacking. It has been said that the first boat to get their catch to market got the best price, so a race ensued daily. People at the dock started placing bets on which boat would get home first. This evolved into sport, and instead of bags filled with oysters they used bags of sand, thus the name, sandbaggers. Actually it is said they used gravel so that the bags would not retain too much water.

From the 1860s to the 1890s sandbagger racing was a very popular sport from New York down the Atlantic coast and up to New Orleans, and also on the West coast in San Francisco. The exciting challenges would have watermen and amateur sailors racing for crowds of betting spectators. With few rules, sandbagger racing was always exciting. Stories have been told of sandbagger crews throwing extra sandbags into the water in light air to gain a bit more speed, along with the occassional extra crewmember!

BULL and BEAR are modern reproductions of sandbaggers based on ANNIE, a sandbagger with a winning history launched in 1880 and raced in Georgia, Florida and Long Island Sound. Over 130 years later, ANNIE is still around, on display at Mystic Seaport Museum.

BULL and BEAR feature shorter spars with less sail area than the original in order to increase stability, so they can be comfortably used for a variety of community, group and educational sails by NSHOF. Watertight compartments and other features further increase their safety. While the hulls are wood fastened with bronze, the spars are made of carbon fiber wrapped in wood, which significantly reduces weight aloft while maintaining authenticity. 

Click here to watch a short documentary about BULL and BEAR.

 
JOLLY DOLPHIN | Print |

JOLLY DOLPHIN

Jolly Dolphin
LOA: 63'
Class/Type: Three-sail bateau
Builder: James B. "Mr. Jim" Richardson
Designer: Designer Name
Launch Date: 1958
Owner / Skipper: Jack Zuraw

A living piece of Maryland history, the JOLLY DOLPHIN is a three-sail bateau, a wooden sailing vessel modeled on Chesapeake Bay oyster dredgers and built for recreational use.

Sometimes called a “workboat yacht,” it was custom-built for the Mick family of Delaware by James B. Richardson on LeCompte Creek in Dorchester County, Maryland in 1958.

Nautical Ned children's bookLegend has it that the name ‘Jolly Dolphin’ came from a character in a children’s book entitled Nautical Ned by Clare Randolph — supposedly the favorite book of the original owners’ children.

From 1964 to 2007, the JOLLY DOLPHIN passed into the hands of a half dozen owners, the last having abandoned her ashore. So she was ready for a new steward when the current owner found her and began her restoration — an almost forgotten piece by Chesapeake history.

Click here to visit the JOLLY DOLPHIN website with complete history, photos and videos.

More information about the builder, "Mr. Jim" Richardson, can be found at the Richardson Maritime Museum

The JOLLY DOLPHIN participates as a volunteer vessel in NSHOF's STEM Sailing programs. 

Above Photo: The JOLLY DOLPHIN in the late 1970’s (courtesy of Mike Mathews)

 
LACERTA - Concordia 39' Yawl | Print |

LACERTA

Lacerta - Concordia yawlLOA: 39.83'
Class/Type: Concordia 39 yawl
Builder: Abeking & Rasmussen
Designer: Ray Hunt
Launch Date: 1956
Skipper: Mark Walter

LACERTA is hull #44 of 103 Concordia yawls built between 1938 and 1966. It is believed that all 103 of these boats are still in use or in refit for use. LACERTA has been owned by the Walter family since 2009. She participates in many Chesapeake Bay races and CTSA events, and has sailed as far North as Labrador. She resides in Annapolis.

Click here for more information on LACERTA.

 


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